What is the NSPA?
The NSPA was an organization based in Chicago and founded in 1970 by Frank Collin. Frank Collin became the leader of the NSPA shortly after leaving the NSWPP. The headquarters of the NSPA was in Marquette Park in Chicago. The party's main goal was organizing large groups against blacks moving into predominantly white neighborhoods.
In order to thwart National Socialist leader, Frank Collins' plans, authorities required the NSPA to post a public-safety-insurance bond, then banned all political demonstrations in Marquette Park. Then, on April 29, 1977, the Circuit Court County entered an injunction against petitioners. The injunction prohibited them from marching, walking, or parading in a Nazi uniform, displaying the swastika, or promoting hatred against Jews or persons of any faith. ACLU came to the NSPA's defense, which made the public outraged. ACLU argued that Chicago was violating Collins' 1st Amendment rights. Collins' then sued Skokie for violation of his 1st Amendment. The Supreme Court ruled in Collins' favor.